Fremtidig forpligtelse

Form

Når vi skriver om fremtidige forpligtelser, kan vi bruge formelt mønster, som består af to elementer
udsagnsordet to be i nutid bøjet efter grundleddet + hovedudsagnsordet i navnemåde

To travel, som en fremtidig forpligtelse
Bekræftende Nægtende Spørgende Nægtende spørgende
I am to travel. I am not to travel. Am I to travel? Am I not to travel?
You are to travel. You are not to travel. Are you to travel? Aren't you to travel?
He is to travel. He is not to travel. Is he to travel? Isn't he to travel?
It is to travel. It is not to travel. Is it to travel? Isn't it to travel?
We are to travel. We are not to travel. Are we to travel? Aren't we to travel?
They are to travel. They are not to travel. Are they to travel? Aren't they to travel?

Funktion

På skriftligt engelsk kan vi bruge dette mønster til at henvise til en fremtidig forpligtelse eller krav. Det har en lignende betydning som must, men der er en antydning af, at noget er blevet planlagt eller organiseret for os. Det bruges normalt ikke på mundtlig engelsk.

Eksempler
  • You are to leave this room at once, and you are to travel by train to London.
  • In London you are to pick up your ticket from Mr Smith, and you are to fly to your destination alone.
  • When you arrive, you are to meet our agent, Mr X, who will give you further information.
  • You are to destroy this message now.